What is "common cold"?
People are more close to infected people more often in buildings and in poor ventilated and thus, making it a light has the virus to spread. Infections of the upper respiratory tract with a flu-like symptoms. Colds are often mistakenly called flu (influenza). Despite multiple education about the differences between flu and influenzal infection, one hears again and again "the flu has me" caught and sometimes the distinction is also really not that simple. The name cold can be concluded, that has this disease, something to do with the cold - possibly caused by cold. The cold, however, is not the cause, but rather it comes during the cold season to a more frequent occurrence of the disease, caused by the following factors:
- The people more often in buildings and in poor ventilated and thus more close to infected people reside, making it easy for the virus to spread.
- Cold air absorbs less water, thus the mucous membranes of humans are dry and thus more prone to infections in the winter.
- When it is cold, then works the ciliated epithelium (the fine hairs in the respiratory tract) not as effective and reduced cleaning ability can promote infection.
- Through the cold, worsens the blood circulation and thus hindered the transport of immune cells to the pathogens.
- In the winter, less vitamin D is formed by reduced sunlight on the skin. A lack of vitamin D can lead to the weakening of the immune system.
The name is common cold and may be due to the fact that the arrival of fevers at the beginning of the cold caused a subjective feeling of cold.
One of the most common symptoms of a cold is a runny nose. Runny nose, also called rhinitis, is usually the first symptom of a cold and starts with a tingling sensation in the nose, which begins to run soon after and after a few days, the nose is blocked. Sneezing are thrown a myriad of pathogens in the air and they then find "new victims". This type of infection is also called droplet infection. The runny nose is of course no serious condition - but he can be a beginning of a more severe illness: If high fever or severe pain (E.g. in the area of the sinuses or ears), you should always consult a doctor, because it might be an otitis media or sinusitis.
Cough is a very unpleasant thing, because it occurs more in the night and can have a significant impact in the sleep. In and of itself, the cough is yes a "reasonable cause", because by the cough reflex seated debris and pathogens are removed in the respiratory tract. Cough occurs usually later than the other symptoms.
What preventive measures can you take?
There are lots of tips, the immune cells prepare for the onslaught of cold viruses and reduce the risk of disease:
- Liquid - abundant drinking is although the whole year about important, but just in cold times even more important! The mucous membranes are kept moist by drinking and moist mucous membranes complicate penetration the viruses. Calculate your body weight x 40 milliliters (E.g.: 80 kg x 0.04 = 3.2 litres liquid daily!)
- Vitamins, especially vitamin C, par excellence regarded as common cold vitamin. Vitamin C, particularly in the form of natural vitamin C from Acerola.
- Eleutherococcus-shiitake ampoules - a liquid Eleutherococcusroot, shiitake mushroom and cinnamon bark extract in combination with grapefruit seed extract.
- Reduce contagion - shaking people with cold, if it is not the hands be avoided, because so cold viruses can be transmitted quickly. The virus can remain several hours on your skin and survive even on doorknobs and other objects. It is also important to wash your hands if they come into contact with cool people more often.
- Room climate & sweat - in times of the cold, avoid excessively dry room air and a lot of stress. Sweating, whether sauna, exercise or contrast showers, brings the immune system going.
- Grapefruit seeds
- Medicinal herbs